Julien Daubanes

Professor of Environmental

and Energy Economics

News/recent presentations:

Organization of the DTU-KU "International Workshop in Energy and Resource Economics and Policy." See the program at https://ifro.ku.dk/english/events/2024/international-workshop-in-energy-and-resource-economics-and-policy/

2024 Grant of the Geneva Institute for Wealth Management for research on ``Optimal Climate Finance." Read more at https://giwm.ch/call-for-projects-2020-2-3-2/.

Semper Ardens Accelerate grant (DKK 4,997,266) of the Carlsberg Foundation for my research on how finance can and should help the economy decarbonize. Read more at www.man.dtu.dk/english/news/julien-carlsberg-grant?id=4a2fd438-68e9-4281-a468-9e792bdd5e33 

Interview to the Swiss financial media Sphere Magazine on "Arthur Cecil Pigou" and the relevance of the polluter-pay principle for the resolution of the climate problem: Read it at https://lnkd.in/eb4WvtbV.

New works-in-progress:

"Do Markets Price the Sensitivity of Economic Oil Reserves?" with Saraly Andrade de Sá and Diego Cardoso

Abstract: Climate action will make the production of carbon resources less profitable, reducing economically exploitable oil reserves and their value, with implications for the climate, the oil industry, and its investors. In this paper, we measure the sensitivity of economic oil reserves and study the role of this sensitivity in oil companies' market valuation. Conventional financial analysis already estimates oil companies' exposure to oil price changes, among other factors. Yet we claim that the standard model focuses on the impact of oil prices at the intensive margin and ignores changes in economic reserves. First, we present a theoretical decomposition of the effect of an output price on a firm's value through the intensive and extensive margins, which we use to extend the conventional analysis of how oil price movements affect oil companies. We obtain a new testable model relating oil companies' expected stock returns to both oil price fluctuations and the elasticity of economic oil reserves. We validate this model by exploiting financial data. The model improves the prediction of expected stock returns. Second, we measure the elasticity of economic reserves to the oil price by exploiting oil reserve data. We obtain time-varying Local Elasticities of Economic Reserves (LEER) of oil companies, a new metric. Third, we use LEER measures to explain oil companies' stock returns. Our results indicate a significant LEER-premium, accounting for up to more than half the industry's average excess stock returns. This means that the risk associated with more sensitive economic reserves is material to investors who demand compensation from oil companies for the possibility of stranded assets. Besides our methodological contribution, and our results' addition to the literature on transition risks, we provide LEER measures that have desirable statistical properties for the study of oil companies' financial vulnerability and behavior.

"What is the Effect of Oil Extraction Taxes?" with Diego Cardoso, Erik Katovich, and Pritam Saha 

Abstract: Supply-side climate policies are receiving increasing attention from governments. For instance, the US is currently considering a major overhaul of rules governing oil extraction on federal lands – which have remained unchanged for nearly a century. We exploit lease-level variation introduced by a temporary royalty relief policy in 2020 to estimate the effects of changes in oil extraction taxes on drilling activity, oil and gas production, and royalty revenues. We assemble a month-lease panel covering drilling and production on all federal oil and gas leases in the contiguous United States between 2005-2022 that accounts for allocation agreements across leases. Using a difference-in-differences strategy to compare outcomes on leases approved for royalty relief with similar untreated leases, we find that royalty reductions lead to immediate increases in the number of producing wells (extensive margin), but also in production from already active wells (intensive margin). Evidence of an intensive-margin response differs from previous studies focused on conventional oil production, suggesting unconventional leases may be more reactive in the short run. Our estimates allow us to quantify the effects of proposed US oil extraction tax reforms on oil and gas production, public revenues, and carbon emissions. 

"Labor Income in Free Access, Private Ownership, and Informality," with Kyungbo Han, Jérémy Laurent-Lucchetti, and Emmanuel Milet

"Does Internal Carbon Pricing Lead Firms to Reduce their Carbon Emissions?" with Emmanuel Milet and Giannis Papazoglou

"The Dynamics of Evasion: The Price Cap on Russian Crude Exports and the Amassing of the Shadow Fleet," with Diego Cardoso and Stephen Salant

Working paper:

"Why Do Firms Issue Green Bonds?" with Shema Mitali and Jean-Charles Rochet

Abstract: Green bonds allow firms to commit to climate-friendly projects. Empirical studies show that stock prices react positively to their issuance. We suggest that green bonds help managers signal the profitability of their green projects. We build a signaling model in which firms' incentives to undertake green projects are amplified by short-term managerial incentives. We test this prediction by exploiting cross-industry differences in the stock-price sensitivity of managers' pay and cross-country variations in effective carbon prices. Our results also imply that green bonds are not substitutes for but complements to carbon pricing.